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The Apache project modified their authentication APIs. This document describes how to add two-factor authentication to Apache using mod_auth_xradius, which works the more recent versions of Apache.

For newer versions of Apache we recommend using mod_auth_xradius Documentation for mod_auth_xradius can be found in the README file and here.

Here's how it will work, when the user clicks on a two-factor protected link, they will be prompted for a username and password. The user generates the one-time passcode on their WiKID token and enters it into the password prompt. Apache will route the username and one-time password to the WiKID server via mod_auth_xradius. If the username and one-time password match what WiKID expects, the server will tell Apache to grant access. First, we add Apache to the WiKID Strong Authentication Server as a network client, then add radius to Apache.

Start by adding a new Radius network client to the WiKID server for your web server:

  • Log into WiKID server web interface (http://yourwikidserver/WiKIDAdim).
  • Select Network Clients tab.
  • Click on Create New Network Client.
  • Fill in the requested information.
    • For the IP Address, use the web server IP address
    • For Protocol, select Radius
    • Hit the Add button, and on the next page, enter a shared secret
    • Do not enter anything into the Return Attribute box
  • From the terminal or via ssh, run 'stop' and then 'start' to load the network client into the built-in WiKID radius server

That is it for the WiKID server.

Now to get Apache ready for two-factor authentication. We need to get and install mod_auth_xradius for Apache 2.x. First, we need to install httpd-devel so we can compile mod_auth_xradius:

# yum install httpd-devel
# wget
# tar -xjvf mod_auth_xradius-0.4.6.tar
# cd mod_auth_xradius-0.4.6
# ./configure --with-apxs=/sbin/apxs
# make
# make install

Be sure to check the location of apxs.

Now you need to add two more things to your httpd.conf. First add

LoadModule auth_xradius_module modules/
AuthXRadiusCache dbm conf/authxcache

Check out the xradius docs for other options. It is important to cache the authentication results. If you don't, every http request will generate an authentication request every attempt to validate the one-time passcode except the first attempt will fail.

<directory "/var/www/html/radius">
   AuthType Basic
   AuthBasicProvider xradius
   AuthName "Please enter your username and WiKID one-time passcode for entry to this site."
   AuthXRadiusAddServer "wikid_server_address:1812" "wikidserver_shared_secret"
   AuthXRadiusTimeout 7
   AuthXRadiusRetries 2
   require valid-user

You will want to change wikid_server_address to the IP address of the WiKID server and wikidserver_shared_secret to the shared secret you configured above in the WiKID server. Note the addition of "AuthBasicProvider xradius" - that is required by the new Apache API.

You can enter the same information into a .htaccess file, or a directory directive if you like, depending on where the information you want protected by two-factor authentication is. We used the location directive to put a virtual directory behind two-factor authentication. For more information about

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